On Wednesday, U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order to create a new streamlined logistics system for the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization and other international organizations.
Trump has called the food aid system a “disaster” and a “fraud.”
But the new system, known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), could save the lives of some 1.3 million Americans, according to a new report from the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).
It would be the first time that a United Nations program that provides food aid for more than three million people could be administered in a streamlined manner, the FAO said in a statement Wednesday.
The agency says that SNAP currently employs approximately 10,000 staff and is a significant source of revenue for the organization.
The U.K.-based organization said that while SNAP’s efficiency is a benefit for taxpayers, it also poses problems for organizations because it is a complicated, high-volume program.
The report noted that the new SNAP system will likely increase administrative costs by more than $2.7 billion over the next decade.
The government has already spent about $600 million on SNAP, according the report.
“SNAP has been a disaster for governments and taxpayers alike,” said Maria van der Laan, a spokeswoman for the FAOC, the UN agency responsible for food aid.
“This report highlights the difficulties faced by some governments in implementing the program and the challenges that still lie ahead.”
SNAP has traditionally been administered by individual states, and there have been some reports of corruption and abuse.
But the United States is the largest recipient of SNAP in the world, according a report last year from the Washington-based Government Accountability Office (GAO).
In 2016, the United Kingdom spent about half a billion dollars on SNAP assistance to help low-income households, and some of that was reimbursed to individual states.
SNAP currently relies on the government’s Food Assistance Program, which pays the majority of the cost of administering the program.
But many countries have recently started implementing food aid programs with fewer staff and costs are rising.
Some countries have introduced mandatory or maximum-level limits on how much SNAP can spend on staff, while others have restricted SNAP payments to specific food groups.
In December, a group of high-ranking officials from the European Union, the U, and the United Arab Emirates urged Trump to take action to end SNAP’s reliance on the Food Assistance program, saying that the system had become “a vehicle for government abuse and corruption.”
“In an increasingly globalised world, governments must take a lead in implementing solutions that reduce duplication and waste and improve efficiency,” the letter said.
The United Nations and other humanitarian agencies have long warned that food aid is not enough to address poverty.
The FAO report found that the SNAP program was “not fully transparent and not always responsive to changing needs.”
A 2017 report from Oxfam America found that nearly half of all SNAP beneficiaries were children, and that one in four children in the United Nation’s most vulnerable countries had been displaced due to hunger.